The beret as a part of the military uniform appeared relatively recently. In the Soviet Union it was first introduced in 1936as a female headdress.
In the second half of the 20th century the beret as a summer headdress became popular in the armies of many countries. This was related to its practicality: it does not require to maintain a strictly given shape, it is not blown away by the wind, and at the same time it covers the head in cold weather. In 1963 in the Armed Forces of the USSR the beret was first adopted as the headdress of the Special Forces. In the Marine Corps of the Navy the beret of black colour was introduced.
Russia’s warplanes remain among the most advanced in the world, both capable of striking targets on the ground and engaging in aerial combat. Sukhoi and MiG planes not only constitute the staples of Russian air power but have been used by militaries around the globe. At an airbase in Lipetsk, we looks into the men and hardware that make up Russia’s air force.
The Soviet Union bore the brunt of the Nazi onslaught in World War II, nearly 30 million Soviet people paid the price to achieve victory over Nazi Fascism, and her allies in the Anti-Hitler Coalition helped bring victory closer. This is a victory that still affects all of mankind to this very day.
With their heads constantly in the clouds, the sky really is the limit for these guys, it’s their job to defend Russia’s airspace, these Air Force pilots are among the best trained in the world and their combat aircraft are internationally recognised as exceptional.
RT Doc’s Peter Scott meets Russia’s aces at a military air base, takes part in their training, and goes to an international military aviation competition to cheer Team Russia on. He also visits the Top Guns at home to meet their families, find out what it’s like to be a part of a dog-fighting dynasty and learn what ignited their passion for flying. Peter also gets to meet Russia’s famous aerobatic display team, the Strizhi who perform breath-taking stunts all over the world.
Teykovo may be a small Russian town but it plays a big role in defending the country; it’s home to the Teykovo Missile Division, the military unit devoted to maintaining and operating Russia’s nuclear deterrent.
It’s where Russia’s latest mobile missile systems, including the Topol-m – known to NATO as “Sickle”, are put through their paces and the missile regiment soldiers are trained.
RTD’s correspondent is given unique access to the formerly classified facility. He even gets the chance to drive an enormous MAZ missile carrier.
“A fool draws in a trice… A wiser man thinks twice.”
Kizlyar Finskiy is a traditional Finnish knife of puukko style.
It is widely considered a most practical knife, praised and poetized in Russian culture. The Finnish blade is well-known in Europe where it has been wide-used for centuries.
A straight blade with a slightly beveled butt. The descents are wedged from the butt, and the blade itself tapers from the handle to the tip.
The Finskiy is a universal utility knife, which copes with any task well. It is remarkable for a perfect balance and excellent grip, features which made it very popular among both criminals and policemen.
“After I kill a man, I mourn his fate. Before I kill, I only hate.”
The Russian notion “Stervets” is similar to English “blackguard”. Might be this association made the designers coat the balde by black oxide.
The main specialization of the Kizlyar Stervets determined by its design and shape of the blade is a throwing knife.
Optionally it can be used as a spear or harpoon. Its household usage is unlikely, but possible, though its short handle is just 2 ¾ inches long.
“I am warm and weather-proof. I often serve as bed and roof.”
Bashlyk is a part of the Adyghe (Circassian) warrior’s ammunition.
A hood with long blades made out of double-folded piece of cloth. The blades are wound around the neck, like a scarf. They can also cover the face from bad weather, or if you wish to remain unrecognized.
When riding horseback, bashlyk’s blades are wrapped around the neck with the ends dangling back. In good weather, bashlyk hangs on the shoulders, fastened with a cord, with its hood and blades lowered back.
The long end of the hood is edged with durable protective tape.
The Bashlyk hood has not lost its relevance in the modern urban environment being a fashionable removable hood, and as an indispensable article of a traveler’s, hunter’s or fisherman’s garment. It protects from rain, cold and sun.