The chest pin “Expert Soldier of the KGB USSR Border Troops” was established on April 8, 1969.
The award has two degrees: the badge of the first degree – with a red ribbon, of the second degree – green.
The reward was conferred by the command of a border detachment in a solemn ceremony in the presence of all of the servicemen of a military unit. The fact of awarding was reported to the parents of the soldier and his previous place of work or study. The names of the soldiers awarded with the first or second degree pin badge were recorded in the Book of Honor of a border detachment, and the names of those awarded with the badges of the two degrees at a time were recorded on the Honor Roll of the Museum of the Border Troops, and their portraits were printed in the Border District newspaper.
The pin badge is made of metal using cold enamels. At the heart of the pin badge is a five-pointed star located in a halo of rays. In the center of the star there is a pentagonal shield with a profile of border guard in a uniform cap and an overcoat, with an SKS- 45 carbine behind. Through the right and left slopes framing the shield comes the inscription: “Expert Soldier of the Border Troops”. The letters are made of golden color for the pin badge of the 1st degree, and silver – for the 2nd degree pin badge. Behind the border guard, at the top of the halo, there is an image of a boundary post with the State Emblem of the Soviet Union. At the bottom of the halo there is a small figured shield indicating the degree of the pin badge. The base of the pin badge is attached to the metal ribbon with a brass ring.
The pin badge of the 1st degree has the halo of rays imitating gold, the star, the boundary post and the ribbon covered with ruby-red enamel, the slopes of the pentagonal shield covered with green enamel.
The pin badge of the 2nd degree has the halo of rays imitating silver, and the ribbon covered with emerald green enamel. The figure of the border guard, the background and the lower shield are covered with enamel imitating silver oxide.
The main objective of Russian Border Service is guarding and protection of its land frontier, air and naval borders.
To protect the border day and night, in the heat and cold, high in the mountains and on the plains, in the taiga and in the wilderness is a matter of honor and high duty.
The watchful guards never leave their post. A green cap for a border guard is almost the same as a battle banner for a military unit.
The green cap of a border guard, like a naval peakless cap, symbolizes the constant hard combat work far from home and in constant state of complete readiness for action.
The green cap became a symbol of courage, bravery, valor. It is the symbol of the Border Service, which unites all generations of the border guards.
The extension of Russian land border is 13,747 miles ( 22,125 kilometers), so it is not surprising that green has become the “calling card” of first Soviet and then Russian border guards.