The pin badge has no analogs in the history of the Russian military uniform, but it is made analogous to the cockades of St. George units of the Russian army (standard of 1916) and fully reflects the Guards status.
The pin badge is made of a goldish metal with enamel, and represents a direct Greek cross with flared white ends, resembling Russian historical award – the Order of St. George. The cross is imposed over the bowed striped Guards (St. George) ribbon. Between the ribbon and the upper blade of the cross there is the staff of the waving National Flag of Russia. In the center of the cross – a round medallion with a wide convex welt. On the red front of the medallion – a relief figure of the rider spearing a dragon. On the welt, from the left and right, the medallion is framed with a laurel wreath. The inscription on the top reads: “GUARD”, at the bottom – “RUSSIA” .
On the back of the pin badge there is a screw for fastening it to the uniform.
The St. George Cross was the highest award of the Russian Army soldiers for outstanding bravery in battle.
The horseman in armor and cloak is the prototype of the most revered saint in the Orthodox Church – St. George.
The St. George Ribbon relates to the Guards. The black and yellow colors mean “smoke and flames”, and are a sign of personal valor on the battlefield.
The red color symbolizes strength and courage.
The laurel wreath is a symbol of devotion to duty.
The tricolor of Russian National Flag symbolizes: white – peace, purity, chastity; blue – faith, loyalty and truth; red – persistence, energy, strength, courage and blood shed for the Fatherland.
The Day of Russian Guards is celebrated on September 2. This holiday was set in 2000 in connection with the 300th anniversary of Russian Imperial Guard.
Russian Imperial Guard was established at the beginning of the reign of Peter the Great. In 1918 it was dissolved and re-established during the Second World War. Four infantry divisions distinguished themselves near Smolensk in 1941 got the the Guards title by the order of Joseph Stalin. The honorary title was assigned to the Army units and Navy ships distinguished themselves in battle against Nazi Germany. The military formation received the Guards banner and the servicemen – the Guards rank and the chest pin badge.
The Guards military units of modern Russia are: the 4th Guards “Kantemirovskaya” Tank Division, the 5th Guards “Tamanskaya” Motor Rifle Brigade, the 20th Guards “Carpathian-Berlin” Motor Rifle Division, the 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade, the 28th Guards Order of the Red Banner Missile Division, located in the 27th Missile Army, linear formations of the Airborne Troops, the Guards units and ships of the Navy, the Guards units of the Army and Air Force.