The pin badge made of brass with hot enamel was approved a decoration in 1992 and was named “The Spetsnaz Valor”. The decoration was awarded to the soldiers and officers for the services in battle and progress in special training. The decoration existed up to 1997.
The pin badge (decoration) represents an oval medallion with a laurel-and oak leaves. From above and below the medallion is framed with figured maroon ribbons: above is the ribbon of pointed ends with the inscription: “SPECIAL FORCES DETACHMENT”, below – the ribbon of pointed doubled ends with the inscription “VITYAZ.”
In the centre of the medallion there is an oxidized image of a double-headed eagle with spread wings over a sword put vertically on the symmetry axis its edge down. On the eagle’s chest there is a superimposed emblem of the Interior Troops Spetsnaz – a clenched fist with the AK-74 assault rifle.
On the back of the pin badge there is a screw for fastening it to the uniform.
The image of a fist with a machine gun is a symbol of unity, friendship and combat brotherhood.
The Kalashnikov assault rifle (AK-74) is a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland.
The clenched “flying” fist is the symbol of hand-to-hand fight.
The naked sword – is one of the traditional attributes of the USSR and Russian Ministries of Internal Affairs, the symbol of constant readiness to provide security and armed protection of the citizens.
The sword pointed down symbolizes the memory of the comrades fallen in struggle.
Maroon is the color of the head gear of the Interior Troops Spetsnaz servicemen.
The laurel-and-oak wreath is a symbol of courage, force, firmness and valor, glory and eternal memory of the fallen.
The idea to establish Special Forces appeared during the preparation for the 1980 Olympics.
Everyone still remembered the failure of the police operation to free hostages in Munich.
Therefore on December 29, 1977 the first in the USSR special forces unit (known as “Vityaz”) was formed on the base of the 9th Company of the 3rd Battalion of the 2nd Regiment of the Dzerzhinsky Division.
The unit at the time was called “The training company of special purpose” and was intended to provide security during the 1980 Olympic Games.
Training programs for future Interior Ministry special forces were perfected and tested on the basis of this company. One of the main objectives of the company to fight against the very audacious manifestations of criminal.
Back in the late 70s of the 20th century, the emblem of the special forces unit, designed by the artist Kryuchkov, was a clenched fist, cracking down on the enemy in a direct hit. The “Flying Fist”, as a symbol of hand-to-hand fighting, became a visual attribute of the units of “force action”.
“Vityaz” regularly performs anti-terrorist operations, patrol in Chechnya and on the border of the Caucasian region. Besides, the fighters have training on the prevention of disorders in prisons. More than 70 fighters of the detachment were awarded ranks of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Hero of the Russian Federation for courage and heroism.