The Commemorative Order is established in honor of the Holy Orthodox martyr, the last Russian Emperor, the king of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland Nicholas II – Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov.
The Order-Star is made in the style of Russian Imperial military orders of 18-19th centuries .
The order is made of a goldish metal with enamel. It is a convex eight-pointed star formed by two superposed four-pointed (diamond-shaped) stars with slightly concave edges.
The ends of the star are made in the form of sun beams, radiating from the center and alternating with the short smooth ends, limited by the embossed rim on the contour. Over the star there is a superimposed four-pointed cross with expandable bifurcated ends (resembles the form of the Maltese cross), covered with red enamel with black trim. In the middle of the cross there is a golden monogram of Nicholas II in the form of Russian letter “H” (N), topped with a golden Imperial Crown. On the horizontal blades of the cross there the years of St. Nicholas II’s life: 1868 – 1918.
On the back of the pin badge there is a screw pin and a nut for fastening it to the clothes.
A monogram is a complicated symbol with intricate interweaving of the initials and various ornaments, patterns and ornate adding to them.
The Large Imperial Crown is symbol of the state power. The Crown is a headdress consisted of two hemispheres, representing the of East and West united in the territory of Russia.
The eight-pointed star is, in fact, disguised crosses (two four-pointed stars), the most common insignia in all European and American Christian states.
The Maltese cross is a symbol of the eight knightly virtues: honesty, compassion, valor, justice, sacrifice, honor, spirituality, humility.
Nicholas II’s reign was marked by economic development in Russia and at the same time – the increasing of revolutionary movement which ignited the uprising of 1905-1907 and the 1917 Revolution. In foreign policy it was marked the war with Japan and Russia’s participation in the First World War.
Nicholas II abdicated during the February Revolution of 1917, and was put under house arrest with his family. In summer 1917, by decision of the Provisional Government, he and his family were exiled to Siberia. In the spring of 1918, he was transferred to Yekaterinburg by the Bolsheviks, where he, his family and retinue executed by shooting.