The pin badge is made of a goldish metal with enamel in the form of a double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, topped with two small crowns and a large crown above them. The crowns are interconnected with a ribbon. The eagle clutches a scepter and an orb. On its chest there is a medallion with an image of a launching space rocket on the background of a stylized globe. At the bottom of the pin badge there is a laurel wreath topped with a red ribbon with the embossed inscription: “Baikonur” in Russian and English languages.
On the reverse side of the pin badge there is a screw for fastening it to clothes.
The image of the rocket booster Proton-K on the background of the globe is a symbol of Russia’s achievements in the development and control of space.
The double-headed eagle with the crowns is a heraldic element of Russian State Emblem.
The scepter and orb are symbols of the supreme power of the state.
The laurel wreath is a symbol of glory, victory and peace.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome, or Tyuratam, is the first and largest operational space launch facility of the world. It is located in the desert steppe of Kazakhstan, about 124 ml east of the Aral Sea, north of the Syr Darya River.
It is leased by the Kazakh government to Russia and is managed jointly by the Russian Federal Space Agency and the Russian Space Forces.
The cosmodrome was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for the Soviet Space Program, and under the modern Russian Space Program it remains a busiest space port, with numerous commercial, military and scientific missions being launched annually.
All manned Russian spaceflights are launched from here.
Both Vostok 1, the first manned spacecraft ever, and before it Sputnik 1, the world’s first orbital spaceflight, were launched from one of Baikonur’s launch pads, which is presently known as Gagarin’s Start.