The pin badge is a triangular shield extended from top to bottom with the cut-out top corners. The edges of the shield have a relief fringing with golden rivet hats. In the field of the shield there ia a superimposed emblem of the USSR and Russian Special Forces – a fist clenching an AK-74 assault rifle on the background of a red five-pointed star.
The emblem is bordered on the parties and at the bottom of a red figured ribbon with the pointed doubled ends imposed on the shield. The inscription on the ribbon reads: “SPETSNAZ”.
On the shield there is a sword vertically put on the axes of symmetry with the edge pointed down. The hilt and the blade are golden.
On the back of the pin badge there is a screw for fastening it to the uniform.
The image of a fist on the background of a five-pointed star is a symbol of unity, friendship and combat brotherhood. A Kalashnikov assault rifle (AK-74) is a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland.
The shield and sword is a symbol of constant readiness for action to ensure the safety and armed protection of the citizens.
The sword with its blade pointed down is a symbol of the remembrance of the comrades fallen in struggle.
Golden is the color of generosity.
Red is the color of strength and valor.
The idea to establish Special Forces appeared during the preparation for the 1980 Olympics.
Everyone still remembered the failure of the police operation to free hostages in Munich.
Therefore on December 29, 1977 the first in the USSR special forces unit (known as “Vityaz”) was formed on the base of the 9th Company of the 3rd Battalion of the 2nd Regiment of the Dzerzhinsky Division.
The unit at the time was called “The training company of special purpose” and was intended to provide security during the 1980 Olympic Games. Training programs for future Interior Ministry special forces were perfected and tested on the basis of this company.
One of the main objectives of the company to fight against the very audacious manifestations of criminal.
Back in the late 70s of the 20th century, the emblem of the special forces unit, designed by the artist Kryuchkov, was a clenched fist, cracking down on the enemy in a direct hit.
The “Flying Fist”, as a symbol of hand-to-hand fighting, became a visual attribute of the units of “force action”.