The Hammer and Sickle is the communist symbol, the main state emblem of the Soviet Union. The crossed hammer and sickle symbolize the unity of the workers and peasants in their peaceful creative labor.
At the moment the Hammer and Sickle is the emblem of the ruling party of China.
The Hammer and Sickle can be also seen in the clutches of the eagle on the Austrian coat of arms.
In Russia this symbol is used in the emblems of the Communist Party (KPRF) and the National Bolshevik Party (NBP).
Icon is made of a goldish metal (brass ). Method of painting is cold enamel.
The lapel pin badge is to be fastened to the lapel of a jacket with a special clip called “butterfly fitting”. Thanks to the fine needle the fastening does not leave traces or pierces on clothes, does not damage the product.
Since the Middle Ages the hammer is gradually becoming a common emblem, the most applicable for different types of crafts. Many technical emblems contain either two crossed hammers, or a hammer (mallet) portrayed with other handicraft tools – a wrench, an ax, a pickaxe, etc.
Since the second half of the 19th century the proletarian organizations in Western Europe elect the hammer their class symbol.
On the eve of the first Russian revolution the hammer, as the symbol of the working class, become the common notion in the ranks of the Russian revolutionary movement.
In Russian Heraldry before 1917, the sickle was met in the arms of many cities. It was the most common peasant tool and a symbol of harvest.
The sickle on the Soviet State Emblem was always imposed over the hammer. It meant that the hammer as a heraldic symbol preceded the sickle and was more significant.
The symbols were first established on the arms of Russia in 1918. Initially, a sword was there in addition to the hammer and sickle, but the country’s political leader Vladimir Lenin refused to use the sword, saying that the Soviet Union is not going to conquer other nations.