The lapel pin badge is made of a goldish metal with enamel, and represents a stylized grid of a riflescope with the Special Forces emblem – a fist clenching an AK-47 assault rifle – in the centre. The emblem is crowned with an olive (forest green) beret. At the bottom there is an imposed tablet with the relief inscription “SPETSNAZ”.
On the back of the pin badge there is a screw for fastening it to the uniform.
The image of a fist on the background of a five-pointed star is a symbol of unity, friendship and combat brotherhood. A Kalashnikov assault rifle (AK-74) is a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland.
The clenched “flying” fist is the symbol of hand-to-hand fight.
The riflescope symbolizes special sniper preparation.
The olive (forest green) beret is the head gear of the Interior Troops scouts.
The pin badge of honor “Valor and Battlecraft” symbolizes the high rate of combat training and fighting qualities of the Special Forces servicemen.
The pin badge is awarded to the military personnel achieved high rates in combat training, having not less than 3 parachute jumps, faultless military discipline, and passed the qualification tests.
In some cases the pin badge is awarded to the persons who have shown special courage and heroism during performance of combat, special and training fighting tasks, and also made a big contribution to the training of staff and development of special investigation.
Lapel pin badges appeared under the reign of the Emperor Nicholas II when the miniature replicas of medals and orders were fastened to the tail coat or full-dress uniform. Such pins were primarily jewellery made of precious metals.
Today lapel pins are widely used as an element of corporate style. They can represent the company symbolism and be decorated with gems or commemorative dates.
Army lapel pins are attached to the lapel of full-dress uniform and define a serviceman’s belonging to a particular type of corps, or division.