“Frigate Oryol” is a pin from the series “The History of the Russian Fleet”, which reveals by means of phaleristics the origin and process of development of the Russian fleet since Peter the Great’s time till nowadays.
All the pins from the series are made of aluminum alloy with the safety pin fastening. The method of painting is cold enamel.
The series of the pins “The History of the Russian Fleet” was produced in the USSR in the late 1980s concurrently with the series of postage stamps of the same name. It has never been reproduced.
At present the number of the pins is limited and the series is considered to be a valuable collection.
The frigate “Oryol” (Eagle) was the first Russian-built warship, commissioned by Tsar Alexis I to protect Russian merchant ships on the Caspian Sea. “Oryol” was built in 1667-1669 by the developing shipyard in Dedinovo, on the Oka River. As a result of the peasant uprising led by Stepan Razin, “Oryol” was captured and burned in 1670. Though, being the first Russian sailing ship of Western European type, she has achieved lasting importance as a symbol of the birth of Russian naval power. “Oryol” was the first large ship built, along with a yacht and two smaller vessels. She was a three-masted 22-gun sailing ship of 80 ft in length, 21 ft wide, and displacing 250 metric tons. She had a crew of 23 sailors and 35 soldiers, and was armed with.
The earliest record of the Russian tricolor (white, blue, and red) comes from the flag flown on the “Oryol”. This flag was later made standard for all Russian ships by Peter the Great. There are several prevailing explanations for the choice of colors. According to the most common version, the design was based on the Dutch flag in honor of the builders and the crew of the ship. Alternatively, the three colors were taken from the insignia of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.