The Anchor intorted with cable is the modern emblem of the Russian Navy uniform button. The image is a replica of the USSR Marines emblem of 1963 standard.
Modern emblematics binds the anchor exclusively with navigation. Transformed into the emblem of sailors, anchor decorates the cockades and uniforms of both military and merchant sailors all over the world.
However, in the first centuries AD the anchor was closely associated with the Christian religion. For early Christians, who saw a hidden form of a cross in it, the anchor symbolized the hope for salvation, caution, safety and durability.
“You may become an archangel, a fool or a criminal, and nobody will notice it. But if you have lost a button – every one pay attention to it.” // Erich Maria Remarque
There are four main functions of buttons: the utilitarian (fastener), the decorative (ornamental), the magic (an amulet or a talisman), the informative (insignia). But only recently the button has become a collectible.
The decorative feature of the button was the main since the outset of its use, and only later they began to use it as a fastener. The utilitarian function always closely mingled with the ornamentality of the item, especially on outer clothing, footwear and headgear.
The semiotic function of the button as a distinguishing mark is realized in its distinctive parameters, such as shape, color, image or emblem on it, etc. In the most cases, buttons like that are fixed to the uniform clothing.
The development of the word “button” in the Romance and Germanic lines is similar to the extent that the most of the senses characterize its practical purpose as a clothing accessory.
The Slavic line of the development of the word offers two options. One is close to the European and explains the “button” by its shape – a bump, a bulge, a mound, etc. The second variant draws attention to the similarity in the formation of the Russian words “pugovitsa” (button), “pugat” (to scare) and “pugalo” (scarecrow). The latter version leads us to the magical function of buttons.