A miraculous icon of Our Lady appeared in 1579 in Kazan. Оne of еру particularly revered icons in the Russian Orthodox Church.
A Hodegetria (“She who shows the Way”), or Virgin Hodegetria, is an iconographic picture of the Virgin Mary, or Theotokos as they title her in the Eastern Orthodox Church, who holds the Christ Child at her side, pointing at Him as the only source of salvation. In the Western Church this iconographic topic is widely known as “Our Lady of the Way”.
Our Lady is portrayed up to her chest, in typical clothes. On the left hand she holds Christ Child, slightly bowed her head to Him. The Divine Infant is painted from the front, his figure is limited to the waist, and only right hand with a gesture of blessing is visible.
The Kazan Icon of Our Lady is one of the most reproductible icons. In fact, it is an independent iconographic type of Marian icons in Russia.
When referring to the Kazan Icon of Our Lady they pray for the healing of blindness, for getting rid of invasions. The Virgin Of Kazan is the intercessor in bad times, they bless the young who are going to get married with the icon, they ask it about family well-being and happiness, besides they hang the icon near cots.
There is a Kazan icon of Our Lady in almost every temple, and the image of the Virgin – in every family of the believers.
During the reign of the Romanovs Dynasty the icon was one of the most important and revered shrines, and was considered to protect the royal family.
The Kazan Icon of Our Lady is considered the patroness of Russian land. Is celebrated to commemorate the victory over the Polish invaders in 1612. The icon is the main shrine of St. Petersburg, where it is also honored in connection with the expulsion of Napoleon from Russia.
Her feast day is November 4.