The Alsatian (German shepherd) is the main breed of dogs used to defend the State Border.
There are several categories of service dogs in the Border Service of Russian FSB:
investigative – for detection, prosecution and detention of the offenders;
patrol – used as a means to enhance border details at night or in low visibility conditions, can be used as investigative;
guard – to protect military camps and other facilities;
special – to search narcotic substances;
special – to search explosives, weapons and ammunition;
mine detection – used in regions with difficult operational situation.