Russian State Emblem is one of the main symbols of the state along with the National Flag and Anthem. It was approved on November 30, 1993.
The prototype of the modern State Emblem is the seal of the Russian Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (Alexis I) adopted in 1667.
The State Emblem represents a golden double-headed eagle crowned with two small crowns, and a big crown above them. The crowns are united with a ribbon. In its clutches the eagle holds the scepter and orb. On its cheast there is a red shield with a silver rider in a blue cloak, on a silver horse, striking with a silver spear a black inverted backward and downtrodden dragon.
The three crowns over the heads of the eagle (two small and one general) are the historical crowns of Peter the Great, the symbol of the sovereignty of the Federal subjects (smaller crowns) and the Russian Federation (the big crown) as a whole.
The scepter and orb stand for the state power and the unity of the state.
The horseman spearing a dragon is a symbolic image of the victory of good over evil.
The Cossacks were people who guarded the borders of Russia when there was no regular army.
After the regular army was formed by Tsar Peter I, the Cossacks became an official combat unit, which helped to magnify the strength of Russian weapons.
The Cossacks are an integral part of the Russian people. The Cossack movement was a form of mass protest against feudal oppression. This free society was based on equality and liberty of the members.
The Cossacks carried military service to protect the borders from foreigners and had become an important part of the Russian army.
The Cossacks received eternal gratitude for being loyal and courageous defenders of Russia.