The Kuban Cossack Host was formed in 1860 out of the Black Sea Cossacks, the remains of the Zaporozhian Cossacks and six western units of the Border Army.
While the Black Sea Cossacks had originally enjoyed a considerable autonomy and ere allowed to follow Zaporozhian traditions and practices, these rights were increasingly restricted in the early 19th century.
After that the structure of the Kuban Host was modeled according to the organization of Russian Cossack Hosts, and even the regular army units.
Election of senior officers was restricted, and the Host was usually headed by a Russian general appointed by the government. He took the title of the Acting Chieftain (ataman) and the Governor-General of the Kuban province.
Thus the legendary Cossack autonomy (a kind of anarchist democracy) was limited to the garrison (stanitsa) level, where the officers, including the local chieftain, his staff and even the judges were elected.