The crossed hammer and sickle symbolize the unity of the workers and peasants in their peaceful creative labor.
Red is the personification of the Revolution, the symbol of strength and courage.
The red star with golden edging is the symbol of proletarian internationalism and the struggle of labor against capitalism on the five continents; the edging of the star symbolizes the firelight of the Revolution.
The yellow (golden) fringe stands for the sunlight communist ideas, the bright future.
The red five-pointed star with a white edging, the hammer and sickle is the emblem of the Soviet Army.
The inscriptions on the scarf: in the center – Russian and English abbreviations of the words “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics”, along the top edge – the communist slogan of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels “WORKERS OF THE WORLD, UNITE”, along the bottom edge – the Bolsheviks slogan “ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS”.
The Hammer and Sickle are an international symbol of labor, mainly physical. Therefore, it is willingly used worldwide as an emblem of social and political parties, unions, movements advocating the rights of workers and peasants (labor class).
At the moment the Hammer and Sickle is the emblem of the ruling party of China.
The Hammer and Sickle can be also seen in the clutches of the eagle on the Austrian coat of arms.
In Russia this symbol is used in the emblems of the Communist Party (KPRF) and the National Bolshevik Party (NBP).
Since the Middle Ages the hammer is gradually becoming a common emblem, the most applicable for different types of crafts. Many technical emblems contain either two crossed hammers, or a hammer (mallet) portrayed with other handicraft tools – a wrench, an ax, a pickaxe, etc.
Since the second half of the 19th century the proletarian organizations in Western Europe elect the hammer their class symbol.
On the eve of the first Russian revolution the hammer, as the symbol of the working class, become the common notion in the ranks of the Russian revolutionary movement.
In Russian Heraldry before 1917, the sickle was met in the arms of many cities. It was the most common peasant tool and a symbol of harvest.
The sickle on the Soviet State Emblem was always imposed over the hammer. It meant that the hammer as a heraldic symbol preceded the sickle and was more significant.
The symbols were first established on the arms of Russia in 1918. Initially, a sword was there in addition to the hammer and sickle, but the country’s political leader Vladimir Lenin refused to use the sword, saying that the Soviet Union is not going to conquer other nations.