The Octobrist and Pioneer childhood gave a lot of good in our Soviet upbringing. We learned to think not only about our petty concerns, but also the interests of other people and the Motherland. We helped the old people and veterans, got labor education on collective farms, collected scrap metal and waste paper. In our second grade we were competing who will collect more waste paper. The school declared the private competition. The winners were awarded with the pin – “Little Octobrists around the Country of October”.
Every pupil of elementary school wanted to have such a pin. It was solemnly handed in front of all the pupils of the school for outstanding achievements in learning, behaviour, and social activity.
The term “Octobrists” originated in 1923-24 when in Moscow there were first organized the groups of children of the same age as the Great October Socialist Revolution.
The Octobrists groups used to be set up in the first grade at school and worked till the Octobrists became Pioneers, when Pioneer units were established. When children joined the Octobrists they were given a special pin – a five-pointed ruby star with a portrait of Lenin in his childhood. An Octobrist group consisted of several divisions, called “asterisk”, each of which usually included 5 children, that symbolised the 5 points of the star. As a rule, in the “asterisk” each Octobrist occupied one of the positions – a commander, a florist, a nurse, a librarian, or an athlete.
The Octobrists were the initial link in the structure of the communist youth organization of the USSR.
The Octobrists had their own set of rules for:
The Octobrists are the future Pioneers.
The Octobrists are diligent children, they love school, respect the elders.
Only those who love to work are called the Octobrists.
The Octobrists are truthful and brave, clever and skilful.
The Octobrists are friendly children, they read and draw, play and sing, and live merrily.
The activities of the Octobrists were mainly in a form of a game and were organized by teachers and Pioneer leaders.Author of the post picture is O. Novozonov, 1964
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The upper cockade of the Russian Armed Forces is a custom metal sign on the military headdress (service cap). It was approved in 1998 and is applied to the present time.
The cockade represents the emblem of the Russian Armed Forces in the form of a golden double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding a sword (a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland) and a laurel wreath (a symbol of glory and honor).
The cockade and the emblem to the ceremonial full-dress service cap and peakless cap of the sergeants and petty officers of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment), soldiers, sailors, military students (academy men), Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The ceremonial and full dress uniform for the Soviet Army ranks and sergeants of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment) was established in 1969.
The cockade of Russian Navy admirals, designed to be worn on the cap bands, framed with golden sewing in the form of a wreath of laurel branches and oak leaves.
The cockade of the flag officers of the Fleet is made of anodized goldish metal in the form of the oval Navy cockade topped with the emblem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.