The date of the foundation of the Russian Dog Service is considered June 21, 1909, when the first Russia’s kennel and dog training school was opened in St. Petersburg.
During the Soviet times (USSR) a special dog training system aimed at developing guarding-protective skills needed in detention, escort and protection of the detainee, when searching drugs and explosives, as well as in anti-terrorist operations, was developed in the country.
Despite significant technical advances, dogs remain indispensable helpers of law enforcement, effectively helping to protect public order and disclose most complicated crimes.
The service dogs occupy a special place in the Russian Interior Ministry Troops: no engineer reconnaissance team, as a part of the united forces in the North Caucasus, does not go on a combat mission without a handler with a well-trained mine detecting dog. A handler and a sapper complement each other, and a dog’s great power of scent will help in a situation when a minesweeper is powerless.
The Alsatian (German shepherd) is the main breed of dogs used to defend the State Border.
There are several categories of service dogs in the Border Service of Russian FSB:
investigative – for detection, prosecution and detention of the offenders;
patrol – used as a means to enhance border details at night or in low visibility conditions, can be used as investigative;
guard – to protect military camps and other facilities;
special – to search narcotic substances;
special – to search explosives, weapons and ammunition;
mine detection – used in regions with difficult operational situation.
Special Forces is the military elite of any country. A striking example of this is the legendary 25th Spetsnaz Detachment “Mercury”. The entire history of the military unit is connected with the constant use of working dogs.
During the first Chechen campaign, it carried out combat missions as a part of the Grozny city military commandant’s offices, participated in counter-separatist operations. There was always a cynologist with a dog ahead of the group, and it was he who became the object of the hunt for the bandits, it was a handler who took a constant fire risk for his own life and the life of his canine friend.
It is impossible to count the amount of bombs they found and lives they saved. And very few people know that the money paid for killing a handler with a dog exceeded the premium for a Spetsnaz officer!
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The memorial emblem of the”winged infantry” (the Airborne Troops) made in the form of a sleeve patch.
The eagle is a symbol of strength, pride and nobility.
The parachute symbolizes willingness to fight both in the air and on the ground.
The laurel wreath irborne Troops means the continuity of the tradition of loyalty and combat duty.
Motto: “Strength, Courage, Bravery”.
Sleeve insignia denoting the belonging to the Cossack Host. Designed for field uniforms.
A fabric patch in the form of a black pentagonal shield elongated downwards with a curved top and a goldish edging.
In the center of the emblem there is the image of the waving national flag of the Russian Federation and the goldis inscriptions: at the top – “RUSSIA”, at the bottom – “COSSACK HOSTS.”
Casual uniform sleeve patch of the employees of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs Riot squads.
The sleeve patch is a triangular shield with beveled upper corners and a goldish edging.
In the center of the shield there is the image of a naked sword with a yellow (gold) handle, and the national flag of Russia.