The date of the foundation of the Russian Dog Service is considered June 21, 1909, when the first Russia’s kennel and dog training school was opened in St. Petersburg.
During the Soviet times (USSR) a special dog training system aimed at developing guarding-protective skills needed in detention, escort and protection of the detainee, when searching drugs and explosives, as well as in anti-terrorist operations, was developed in the country.
Despite significant technical advances, dogs remain indispensable helpers of law enforcement, effectively helping to protect public order and disclose most complicated crimes.
The service dogs occupy a special place in the Russian Interior Ministry Troops: no engineer reconnaissance team, as a part of the united forces in the North Caucasus, does not go on a combat mission without a handler with a well-trained mine detecting dog. A handler and a sapper complement each other, and a dog’s great power of scent will help in a situation when a minesweeper is powerless.
The Alsatian (German shepherd) is the main breed of dogs used to defend the State Border.
There are several categories of service dogs in the Border Service of Russian FSB:
investigative – for detection, prosecution and detention of the offenders;
patrol – used as a means to enhance border details at night or in low visibility conditions, can be used as investigative;
guard – to protect military camps and other facilities;
special – to search narcotic substances;
special – to search explosives, weapons and ammunition;
mine detection – used in regions with difficult operational situation.
Special Forces is the military elite of any country. A striking example of this is the legendary 25th Spetsnaz Detachment “Mercury”. The entire history of the military unit is connected with the constant use of working dogs.
During the first Chechen campaign, it carried out combat missions as a part of the Grozny city military commandant’s offices, participated in counter-separatist operations. There was always a cynologist with a dog ahead of the group, and it was he who became the object of the hunt for the bandits, it was a handler who took a constant fire risk for his own life and the life of his canine friend.
It is impossible to count the amount of bombs they found and lives they saved. And very few people know that the money paid for killing a handler with a dog exceeded the premium for a Spetsnaz officer!
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The general sleeve patch for any of the units and formations of the Airborne Troops of the USSR and Russia.
In the center of the patch there is the image of an open golden parachute with and two airplanes from the both sides of it.
Approved in 1955.
The of the emblem is Zinaida Bocharova, a draftsman of the Airborne Staff.
Sleeve host patch of the Irkutsk Cossacks. Approved in 1998.
Cossacks were in the vicinity of the Lake Baikal in the XVII century, when the active development of Siberia took place. Since the XVIII century the Irkutsk Cossacks joined the troops of the Russian Empire.
In 1998 it was decided to reinstate Irkutsk Cossack Host and its glorious traditions.
Nowadays the Cossacks help to keep order in the country, cavalry units are patrolling the city and punish the violators.
Sleeve insignia of the fighters of the separate sniper squads of the special units of the Army, Police, intelligence and counterterrorist services.
The round sleeve patch contains a picture of a sniper rifle with a telescopic sight against a target.
Depending on the combat arm membership, the beret at the bottom of the emblem takes the appropriate color.
A fashion-style button of a goldish metal with a shank and a rim around the edges. The diameter of 35/64 inch (14 mm).
On the front is a relief image of the emblem of the Soviet Army – a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle. On the back side – protrusion with a single hole to sew the button to the clothes.