The date of the foundation of the Russian Dog Service is considered June 21, 1909, when the first Russia’s kennel and dog training school was opened in St. Petersburg.
During the Soviet times (USSR) a special dog training system aimed at developing guarding-protective skills needed in detention, escort and protection of the detainee, when searching drugs and explosives, as well as in anti-terrorist operations, was developed in the country.
Despite significant technical advances, dogs remain indispensable helpers of law enforcement, effectively helping to protect public order and disclose most complicated crimes.
The service dogs occupy a special place in the Russian Interior Ministry Troops: no engineer reconnaissance team, as a part of the united forces in the North Caucasus, does not go on a combat mission without a handler with a well-trained mine detecting dog. A handler and a sapper complement each other, and a dog’s great power of scent will help in a situation when a minesweeper is powerless.
The Alsatian (German shepherd) is the main breed of dogs used to defend the State Border.
There are several categories of service dogs in the Border Service of Russian FSB:
investigative – for detection, prosecution and detention of the offenders;
patrol – used as a means to enhance border details at night or in low visibility conditions, can be used as investigative;
guard – to protect military camps and other facilities;
special – to search narcotic substances;
special – to search explosives, weapons and ammunition;
mine detection – used in regions with difficult operational situation.
Special Forces is the military elite of any country. A striking example of this is the legendary 25th Spetsnaz Detachment “Mercury”. The entire history of the military unit is connected with the constant use of working dogs.
During the first Chechen campaign, it carried out combat missions as a part of the Grozny city military commandant’s offices, participated in counter-separatist operations. There was always a cynologist with a dog ahead of the group, and it was he who became the object of the hunt for the bandits, it was a handler who took a constant fire risk for his own life and the life of his canine friend.
It is impossible to count the amount of bombs they found and lives they saved. And very few people know that the money paid for killing a handler with a dog exceeded the premium for a Spetsnaz officer!
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Sleeve patch of 106th Guards Airborne Division holding the Order of the Red Banner and the Order of Kutuzov, 2nd degree.
Motto: “No impossible tasks!”
At the heart of the emblem is the coat of arms of the city of Tula, where the division’s headquarters is located, and the Centaur which combines power and intelligence, courage and cunning, man and animal according to ancient mythology.
Sleeve insignia of Russian Navy submariners.
A triangular regimental heraldic shield with the stylized images of a nuclear submarine and the globe with an eight-pointed star superimposed on it.
The globe symbolizes the worldwide actions of the Russian submariners.
The eight-pointed star is the allegoric symbol of the “Wind Rose”, navigation, striving to achieve the goals, the saving star of hope for a better future.
At the top of the sleeve patch is the inscription: “RUSSIA”, in the center – “Submarine Forces.”
An oval sleeve insignia of the Moscow Police Riot Squad (OMON). A variant of the casual uniforms patch of the employees of special force units of the Moscow Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Symbols of the emblem:
The naked sword – eternal readiness to take action to protect civilians.
The golden color of the blade of the sword is the color of purity and generosity; the maroon is the color of the Russian Interior Ministry Special Forces.
A fashion-style button of a goldish metal with a shank. The diameter of 35/64 inch (14 mm).
On the front is a relief image of the Russian Imperial Emblem of the 1883 standard. On the back side – protrusion with a single hole to sew the button to the clothes.
The prototype of the Emblem is the seal of the Russian Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (Alexis I) adopted in 1667.