A shock worker is a worker who demonstrates increased labour productivity. This concept appeared in the Soviet Union during the first five-year plans.
The word is related to the expression “shock work”, that is, the work at full pressure, aimed at the exceeding of set standards and deadlines. The expression “shock brigade” was also popular. “Shock Worker of Communist Labour” is the official title of honour supported with the certificate and the pin, as well as a cash prize. Other achievements could be followed by more tangible rewards.
“Shock-brigade” movement was an important means of ideological influence. The names of shock workers, who had reached the most impressive results (a miner Alexei Stakhanov, a locomotive engineer Peter Krivonos, a tractor driver Pasha Angelina, a steelworker Makar Mazzei and many others), were widely used as an example to be followed, they received high government awards and were promoted to the elected authorities, etc.
The attitude to shock labor and shock workers was of two kinds. On the one hand, a sincere desire to achieve high performance in professional activities evoked respect. On the other hand, the increased proficiency of some workers soon had a negative effect on the earnings of others, because the set production quotas were consequently raised, and wage rates declined.
By 1970-1980s “shock brigade” movement in the Soviet Union had become a formality, which had no more resemblance to the enthusiasm during the first five-year plans and post-war construction.
The terminology is still used in China and North Korea.
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The cockade with the “Red Star” emblem was intended to be worn on a military headdress (garrison cap, panama hat, or beret) by the junior leaders of recruitment, the rank and file soldiers and sailors, cadets of military schools, Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The cockade is a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle.
The cockade is fastened with a clamper (or “the barbs”). The method of painting – cold enamel.
The tiny lapel pin badge of the servicemen of the Special Purpose Detachment of the Interior Troops of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).
The emblem stands for the years of glorious fighting history. Initially it belonged to the first created in the USSR special actions group “Vityaz” (Knight-errant). The fist over the machine gun shortly and clearly shows force and confidence. Further this emblem was borrowed by the majority of the special forces detachments.
The ID pin badge of the operatives and soldiers of the Police Riot Squad Special is to be attached to the upper garment and a special outfit: body armor, individual tactical load-bearing vest.
The pin badge is a goldish metal star of twelve rounded points formed by the beams radiating from the center of convex polished rays.
The chest pin badge (insignia) of the servicemen of the 3rd Separate Special Purpose Brigade of Belorussian Interior Troops.
The symbol of the Brigade is the lynx – a Belorussian forester. It is a slick, fast, accurate and at the same time cunning and clever beast. Obviously, Belarusian commandos and consider themselves the owners of the same qualities.