On May 16, 1985 in the USSR a decree on strengthening the fight against drunkenness and alcoholism was issued, popularly nicknamed as “the Dry Law” (the Prohibition). The voluntary movement for the struggle for temperance was intended to promote this work on a personal level.
The excerpts from the charter of the All-Union Voluntary Temperance Movement:
The Temperance Movement is a popular non-governmental organization aimed at overcoming alcohol abuse and alcoholism, the extensive development of anti-alcohol movement in the country and making it truly national, the introduction of new socialist customs and rituals that exclude the use of alcohol, the successful implementation of the tasks set by the Communist Party and the Soviet State to combat this dangerous social evil.
Purposes of the Temperance Movement:
to unite the broad masses of the Soviet people in the struggle for sobriety: workers, farmers, intellectuals, women, youth, seniors, all supporters of the complete eradication of drinking and anti-social phenomena generated by them;
to do vigorous anti-alcohol prevention work in enterprises, organizations and institutions, schools, vocational schools, colleges and universities, centres of culture and recreation, places of residence, hostels, family, individual work with people who have addiction to alcohol;
to facilitate the organization of interest clubs, including community clubs, the development of artistic, scientific and technical work and other types of amateurism, collective gardening, initiate the development and implementation of new soft rites and rituals.
The members of the Movement might become all Soviet citizens over 18 years old, who were an example of abstinence from alcohol and decent behaviour in the society and everyday life.
The members of the Movement paid an entrance fee of 1 ruble, and annual fees of 1 ruble per a year; for students, pensioners and housewives the entrance and membership fees were only 20 kopecks.
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The cockade with the “Red Star” emblem was intended to be worn on a military headdress (garrison cap, panama hat, or beret) by the junior leaders of recruitment, the rank and file soldiers and sailors, cadets of military schools, Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The cockade is a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle.
The cockade is fastened with a clamper (or “the barbs”). The method of painting – cold enamel.
The tiny lapel pin badge of the servicemen of the Special Purpose Detachment of the Interior Troops of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).
The emblem stands for the years of glorious fighting history. Initially it belonged to the first created in the USSR special actions group “Vityaz” (Knight-errant). The fist over the machine gun shortly and clearly shows force and confidence. Further this emblem was borrowed by the majority of the special forces detachments.
The ID pin badge of the operatives and soldiers of the Police Riot Squad Special is to be attached to the upper garment and a special outfit: body armor, individual tactical load-bearing vest.
The pin badge is a goldish metal star of twelve rounded points formed by the beams radiating from the center of convex polished rays.
The chest pin badge (insignia) of the servicemen of the 3rd Separate Special Purpose Brigade of Belorussian Interior Troops.
The symbol of the Brigade is the lynx – a Belorussian forester. It is a slick, fast, accurate and at the same time cunning and clever beast. Obviously, Belarusian commandos and consider themselves the owners of the same qualities.