On May 16, 1985 in the USSR a decree on strengthening the fight against drunkenness and alcoholism was issued, popularly nicknamed as “the Dry Law” (the Prohibition). The voluntary movement for the struggle for temperance was intended to promote this work on a personal level.
The excerpts from the charter of the All-Union Voluntary Temperance Movement:
The Temperance Movement is a popular non-governmental organization aimed at overcoming alcohol abuse and alcoholism, the extensive development of anti-alcohol movement in the country and making it truly national, the introduction of new socialist customs and rituals that exclude the use of alcohol, the successful implementation of the tasks set by the Communist Party and the Soviet State to combat this dangerous social evil.
Purposes of the Temperance Movement:
to unite the broad masses of the Soviet people in the struggle for sobriety: workers, farmers, intellectuals, women, youth, seniors, all supporters of the complete eradication of drinking and anti-social phenomena generated by them;
to do vigorous anti-alcohol prevention work in enterprises, organizations and institutions, schools, vocational schools, colleges and universities, centres of culture and recreation, places of residence, hostels, family, individual work with people who have addiction to alcohol;
to facilitate the organization of interest clubs, including community clubs, the development of artistic, scientific and technical work and other types of amateurism, collective gardening, initiate the development and implementation of new soft rites and rituals.
The members of the Movement might become all Soviet citizens over 18 years old, who were an example of abstinence from alcohol and decent behaviour in the society and everyday life.
The members of the Movement paid an entrance fee of 1 ruble, and annual fees of 1 ruble per a year; for students, pensioners and housewives the entrance and membership fees were only 20 kopecks.
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The upper cockade of the Russian Armed Forces is a custom metal sign on the military headdress (service cap). It was approved in 1998 and is applied to the present time.
The cockade represents the emblem of the Russian Armed Forces in the form of a golden double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding a sword (a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland) and a laurel wreath (a symbol of glory and honor).
The cockade and the emblem to the ceremonial full-dress service cap and peakless cap of the sergeants and petty officers of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment), soldiers, sailors, military students (academy men), Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The ceremonial and full dress uniform for the Soviet Army ranks and sergeants of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment) was established in 1969.
The cockade of Russian Navy admirals, designed to be worn on the cap bands, framed with golden sewing in the form of a wreath of laurel branches and oak leaves.
The cockade of the flag officers of the Fleet is made of anodized goldish metal in the form of the oval Navy cockade topped with the emblem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.