Submarine Chaser MO-IV is a legendary soviet military boat, which can be called a mini-cruiser. The frontier guards were the first troops in the USSR who had wooden patrol boats, but such high qualities as seaworthiness, speed, maneuverability gave them the green light.
After some modifications and installation of anti-submarine rig they became submarine chasers. Three rudders and three engines provided the boat with high speed and reliable control. The hull lines were also a success. A tiny “MO” did not capsize in storm and could easily ride the waves. “The underwater exhaust” of the engines reduced the noise coming from the boat. It was extremely important for sudden and covert operations, especially by night.
With a length of 88 and width of 13 ft their displacement was about 56 tons. The boat had a three-layer wooden planking. Nine watertight compartments made it wonderfully unsinkable – there were cases when the boats arrived the base even without a bow. Being invulnerable due to small displacement, small sizes and maneuverability, these ships were intended for operations against enemy submarines in coastal areas. They were armed with two guns, two heavy machine guns, depth charges and equipped with fathometer.
The Second World War has expanded the scope of tactical employment of the Chasers. They served hard from the first to the last days of the war. Submarine Chasers landed troops and intelligence officers in the rear of the enemy, destroyed the enemy’s weapon emplacements; were on patrols and guarded fairways; mined the enemy’s coasts, often entering unequal battles with the fascist boats and their aircrafts. Finally, tireless MOs guarded vehicles in convoys, escorted submarines to the point of immersion and met them after the campaign.
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The upper cockade of the Russian Armed Forces is a custom metal sign on the military headdress (service cap). It was approved in 1998 and is applied to the present time.
The cockade represents the emblem of the Russian Armed Forces in the form of a golden double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding a sword (a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland) and a laurel wreath (a symbol of glory and honor).
The cockade and the emblem to the ceremonial full-dress service cap and peakless cap of the sergeants and petty officers of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment), soldiers, sailors, military students (academy men), Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The ceremonial and full dress uniform for the Soviet Army ranks and sergeants of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment) was established in 1969.