In the Soviet Union, the garrison cap with the five-pointed red star was known as “pilotka”. The name was derived from “pilot”, for the original cap was a part of the air force pilots’ uniform during World War I. Pilotka remained the most common type of the summer headdress used by the Soviet Army during World War II and after, until the 1990s.
The five-pointed red star is often considered a symbol of communism, representing the five fingers of a worker’s hand, or the five continents.
Another suggestion is that the five points of the star symbolize the five social classes – the youth, the army, the proletariat, the peasantry, and the intelligentsia – that were intended to lead the country to communism under the rule of the Communist Party.
All over the world, the red star with the hammer and sickle is treated very differently. Some states have passed the laws banning it, claiming that it symbolizes “the ideology of totalitarianism “, though other countries keep a very positive attitude to it being a symbol of antifascism and struggle against the Nazi.
According to the Soviet heraldic tradition the red star is the symbol of the Red Army (and the military service in general) as opposed to the hammer and sickle considered the symbol of the peaceful constructive labour.Author of the post picture is unknown
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The upper cockade of the Russian Armed Forces is a custom metal sign on the military headdress (service cap). It was approved in 1998 and is applied to the present time.
The cockade represents the emblem of the Russian Armed Forces in the form of a golden double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding a sword (a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland) and a laurel wreath (a symbol of glory and honor).
The cockade and the emblem to the ceremonial full-dress service cap and peakless cap of the sergeants and petty officers of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment), soldiers, sailors, military students (academy men), Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The ceremonial and full dress uniform for the Soviet Army ranks and sergeants of the service for a fixed period (conscription recruitment) was established in 1969.
The cockade of Russian Navy admirals, designed to be worn on the cap bands, framed with golden sewing in the form of a wreath of laurel branches and oak leaves.
The cockade of the flag officers of the Fleet is made of anodized goldish metal in the form of the oval Navy cockade topped with the emblem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.