In the Soviet Union, the garrison cap with the five-pointed red star was known as “pilotka”. The name was derived from “pilot”, for the original cap was a part of the air force pilots’ uniform during World War I. Pilotka remained the most common type of the summer headdress used by the Soviet Army during World War II and after, until the 1990s.
The five-pointed red star is often considered a symbol of communism, representing the five fingers of a worker’s hand, or the five continents.
Another suggestion is that the five points of the star symbolize the five social classes – the youth, the army, the proletariat, the peasantry, and the intelligentsia – that were intended to lead the country to communism under the rule of the Communist Party.
All over the world, the red star with the hammer and sickle is treated very differently. Some states have passed the laws banning it, claiming that it symbolizes “the ideology of totalitarianism “, though other countries keep a very positive attitude to it being a symbol of antifascism and struggle against the Nazi.
According to the Soviet heraldic tradition the red star is the symbol of the Red Army (and the military service in general) as opposed to the hammer and sickle considered the symbol of the peaceful constructive labour.Author of the post picture is unknown
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The cockade of Russian Navy admirals, designed to be worn on the cap bands, framed with golden sewing in the form of a wreath of laurel branches and oak leaves.
The cockade of the flag officers of the Fleet is made of anodized goldish metal in the form of the oval Navy cockade topped with the emblem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
The cockade with the “Red Star” emblem was intended to be worn on a military headdress (garrison cap, panama hat, or beret) by the junior leaders of recruitment, the rank and file soldiers and sailors, cadets of military schools, Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The cockade is a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle.
The cockade is fastened with a clamper (or “the barbs”). The method of painting – cold enamel.
The tiny lapel pin badge of the servicemen of the Special Purpose Detachment of the Interior Troops of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).
The emblem stands for the years of glorious fighting history. Initially it belonged to the first created in the USSR special actions group “Vityaz” (Knight-errant). The fist over the machine gun shortly and clearly shows force and confidence. Further this emblem was borrowed by the majority of the special forces detachments.
The ID pin badge of the operatives and soldiers of the Police Riot Squad Special is to be attached to the upper garment and a special outfit: body armor, individual tactical load-bearing vest.
The pin badge is a goldish metal star of twelve rounded points formed by the beams radiating from the center of convex polished rays.