The “Botik of Peter the Great” is the grandfather of the Russian fleet. It was a child’s passion of Tsar Peter that turned Russia into a powerful maritime nation and laid the foundation for domestic shipbuilding.
The “Botik of Peter the Great”, also called “St. Nicholas”, was a miniaturized scaled-down warship discovered by Tsar Peter at the Royal Izmaylovo Estate in 1688. It was repaired by Karshten Brandt, and Peter learned to sail using the boat on waters near Moscow. It was stored in the Moscow Kremlin by Peter and later enshrined in St. Petersburg. Tsar Peter continued to use it in state ceremonies and ordered that the boat be sailed down the Neva River on August, 30 annually. It was also used in state ceremonies of later monarchs of Russia, including the wedding of Catherine the Great and Peter III, as well as the centenary of St. Petersburg. In the 1760s Empress Catherine built a boathouse to store the legendary boat.
The boat became less important under the Soviet rule, along with other cherished objects of the Russian Empire; however, the surge of patriotism raised during the outbreak of the World War I led to the renewal of the significance of Peter the Great and the Botik along with him. The Boat was enshrined to the Central Soviet Naval Museum where it remains to present day. In 1997 the Boat left Russia for the first time to be exhibited in the World Financial Center.
The series of the pins “The History of the Russian Fleet” was produced in the USSR in the late 1980s concurrently with the series of postage stamps of the same name. It has never been reproduced.
At present the number of the pins is limited and the series is considered to be a valuable collection.
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“Battleship Potemkin” is a pin from the rare series “Revolutionary Ships”.
The series represents the legendary vessels which took an active part in popular uprisings in 1905-1917 in the Russian Empire and, thus they became their symbols.
The pin represents a recognisable relief image of the ship shape. Down on the depicted ribbon stands the name of the battleship: “Potemkin”.
Text along the perimeter of the pin reads: “Revolutionary Ships”.
The head pin from the series “The History of the Russian Fleet”
The pin represents a goldenly framed exhibition painting. The golden surface gives the frame a neutral character and matches the colors of the painting and its interior. In the center of the painting there is a sailing boat with guardsmen at the rudder and on the oars. At the bow of the boat, with his back turned to us stands obviously the Tsar Peter the Great.
The cockade with the “Red Star” emblem was intended to be worn on a military headdress (garrison cap, panama hat, or beret) by the junior leaders of recruitment, the rank and file soldiers and sailors, cadets of military schools, Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The cockade is a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle.
The cockade is fastened with a clamper (or “the barbs”). The method of painting – cold enamel.