On January 21, 1924 Vladimir Lenin – the leader of the first Soviet republic – died. The Post No 1, the post of the Guard of Honour (two watchmen) at the Lenin’s Mausoleum, was established on January 26, 1924 by the order of the head of the Moscow garrison.
Since 1935 the honour guard at the Lenin’s Mausoleum was kept by the soldiers of the Kremlin garrison.
For the Soviet people it was their hearts’ need to go to the Mausoleum and give a vow to the Leader.
During the World War II, the Red Army marched from this place straight to the front to smash the enemy. And in the victorious 1945 the defeated standards of the damaged Nazis were thrown to the pedestal of the Mausoleum.
The astronauts came into the Mausoleum before every flight into space. They walked by the Lenin’s tomb and gave the silent vow to fulfill their scientific duty till the end and to subdue the fear of trials which the star ocean had prepared for them.
A lot of people came. and still come, to the Lenin’s Mausoleum on the Red Square.
The changing of the Guard ceremony is beautiful and solemn. Each warrior dreamed of keeping a watch at the Mausoleum. The designated guards of the Post No 1 came into Lenin’s office-flat and learnt his biography. Then the laborious and hard training started. Exhausting daily trainings: the soldiers worked on the special Kremlin marching step, rifle techniques, coordination of movements. One had to learn how to properly and, what was the most important, on time approach the post, and make the changing.
With the second strike of the chimes on the Spasskaya Tower the Guards started their marching from the Spassky Gates to the Mausoleum for 2 minutes 35 seconds sharply, thus making 210 steps.
In 1997 the Post No 1 moved to the Eternal Flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow.
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Nicholas II was the last Russian Emperor, the king of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. As with other Russian Emperors he is commonly known by the monarchical title Tsar. He is also known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church and is referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.
The upper cockade of the Russian Armed Forces is a custom metal sign on the military headdress (service cap). It was approved in 1998 and is applied to the present time.
The cockade represents the emblem of the Russian Armed Forces in the form of a golden double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding a sword (a symbol of readiness to defend the Fatherland) and a laurel wreath (a symbol of glory and honor).