On January 21, 1924 Vladimir Lenin – the leader of the first Soviet republic – died. The Post No 1, the post of the Guard of Honour (two watchmen) at the Lenin’s Mausoleum, was established on January 26, 1924 by the order of the head of the Moscow garrison.
Since 1935 the honour guard at the Lenin’s Mausoleum was kept by the soldiers of the Kremlin garrison.
For the Soviet people it was their hearts’ need to go to the Mausoleum and give a vow to the Leader.
During the World War II, the Red Army marched from this place straight to the front to smash the enemy. And in the victorious 1945 the defeated standards of the damaged Nazis were thrown to the pedestal of the Mausoleum.
The astronauts came into the Mausoleum before every flight into space. They walked by the Lenin’s tomb and gave the silent vow to fulfill their scientific duty till the end and to subdue the fear of trials which the star ocean had prepared for them.
A lot of people came. and still come, to the Lenin’s Mausoleum on the Red Square.
The changing of the Guard ceremony is beautiful and solemn. Each warrior dreamed of keeping a watch at the Mausoleum. The designated guards of the Post No 1 came into Lenin’s office-flat and learnt his biography. Then the laborious and hard training started. Exhausting daily trainings: the soldiers worked on the special Kremlin marching step, rifle techniques, coordination of movements. One had to learn how to properly and, what was the most important, on time approach the post, and make the changing.
With the second strike of the chimes on the Spasskaya Tower the Guards started their marching from the Spassky Gates to the Mausoleum for 2 minutes 35 seconds sharply, thus making 210 steps.
In 1997 the Post No 1 moved to the Eternal Flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow.
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The cockade with the “Red Star” emblem was intended to be worn on a military headdress (garrison cap, panama hat, or beret) by the junior leaders of recruitment, the rank and file soldiers and sailors, cadets of military schools, Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval cadets.
The cockade is a five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle.
The cockade is fastened with a clamper (or “the barbs”). The method of painting – cold enamel.
The tiny lapel pin badge of the servicemen of the Special Purpose Detachment of the Interior Troops of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).
The emblem stands for the years of glorious fighting history. Initially it belonged to the first created in the USSR special actions group “Vityaz” (Knight-errant). The fist over the machine gun shortly and clearly shows force and confidence. Further this emblem was borrowed by the majority of the special forces detachments.
The ID pin badge of the operatives and soldiers of the Police Riot Squad Special is to be attached to the upper garment and a special outfit: body armor, individual tactical load-bearing vest.
The pin badge is a goldish metal star of twelve rounded points formed by the beams radiating from the center of convex polished rays.
The chest pin badge (insignia) of the servicemen of the 3rd Separate Special Purpose Brigade of Belorussian Interior Troops.
The symbol of the Brigade is the lynx – a Belorussian forester. It is a slick, fast, accurate and at the same time cunning and clever beast. Obviously, Belarusian commandos and consider themselves the owners of the same qualities.