“Ice-cutter Fyodor Litke” is a pin from the rare series “Russia’s Icebreakers”.
The pin is made of aluminum alloy with the safety pin fastening. The method of painting is cold enamel.
The ice-cutter “Fyodor Litke” labored in the Soviet era in the Arctic, until the late 1950s. She was built in 1909 in England for the Saint Lawrence River service and initially named CGC “Earl Grey” after Albert Grey, Governor General of Canada. After four years in Canada she was sold to Russia and ultimately renamed “Fyodor Litke” in honor of the famous Arctic explorer. During the World War I the ice-cutter was used as a winter carrier and as a guard ship for the White Sea communications.
In 1932-1933 “Fyodor Litke” was employed by “Dalstroy” (The main Directorate of construction of the Far North), which was an NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) organization in charge of Far Eastern gold mining.
“Fyodor Litke” became famous for her Arctic rescue operations in 1932-1935. She survived during World War II and was amortized in 1958 after nearly 50 years of service. Unlike conventional icebreakers that crush ice with their own weight from above, “Fyodor Litke” belonged to an older generation of vessels, relying on ramming and cutting ice without any downward movement. For this reason, the vessel was uniquely classified as an ice-cutter or icebreaking steamship, rather than a real icebreaker.